• Christine Jeffers

WINE CLIMATES




30 -50 Degrees Latitude North and South



WINE CLIMATES

Continental

Mediterranean

Maritime



CONTINENTAL


Hot Summers / Cold Winters

Wide Diurnal Temperature Variations

Continental size land mass

Found away from large bodies of water

Common in Northern Hemisphere

Moderate Precipitation (some snow)

Short Growing Season

Frost / Hail Hazards beginning and end of season


France - Alsace, Burgandy, Northern Rhone, Upper Loire


Spain - Rioja


Italy - Piedmont


US - Columbia Valley, WA Finger Lakes, NY


Argentina - Mendoza





MEDITERRANEAN


Less seasonal temperature variations

Long hot growing season

Near large bodies of water

Good diurnal temperature variations

Risk of water shortage - irrigation common


Mediterranean Basin

Italy, Southern France, Spain, Greece, Turkey, Israel, Croatia, Algeria, Western and Southern Australia, Chile, California Coastal Areas




MARITIME


Cooler environment, seasons but less drastic a variation than continental

Long growing season, but cooler and rainier than Mediterranean

Close to a large body of water

Risk of rain promoting rot and mold and increasing water by volume in grapes


West France, Northwestern Spain, Eastern US, Puget Sound, WA, Willamette Valley, OR, New Zealand, Victoria, New South Wales, Tazmania







FUN FACTS:


Continental and Maritime climates prone to vintage variation


Champagne, France is both Continental and Maritime



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Always enjoy wine responsibly!